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Brotherhood in the light of Holy Quran

Islam also teaches brotherhood with regard to the original parentage. As far as their earthly origin is concerned, they are all descendants of the first pair of human being. So, the original common parentage is that of Adam and Eve and to this parentage, every human being belongs and of it he partakes.

“O, mankind! Surely we have created you of a male and female and make you tribes and families that you know each other, surely the noblest among you unto Allah is one who fears him .Lo! Allah is Knower Aware” Al-Hujurat [49.13]

This verse of the Glorious Qur’an indicates that the whole human race originated from a single pair of male and female are one brotherhood that has common great-grandparents and ancestors. Islam teaches that all mankind is but one family, as such all man and women are brothers and sisters. This verse also clarifies that the criteria for judgement in the sight of Allah does not depend on caste, colour, creed, gender or wealth, but on Taqwa_God consciousness, piety and righteousness. Any one who is righteous, pious and God-conscious, is honoured in the sight of Allah.

Further it is stated in the Glorious Qur’an in Surah Al-Rum.

“And among His signs is the creation of heavens and earth, and the variations in your languages, and your colours, verily in that are the signs for those who know” Al-Rum [30:22]

Allah describes the believers as being brother. He says

“The believers are but brothers” Al-Hujurat [49:10]

The reason for their being described in this way is that they all share the same beliefs, work towards the same goals, and share the same code of behaviour.

Abu Hamzah Anas bin Malik, radiyallahu 'anhu, who was the servant of the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam, reported that the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam, said: "None of you truly believes (in Allah and in His religion) until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself" [Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
Brotherhood In Islam Lecture By Khalid Yasin

​​The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "You do not truly believe until you love for your brother what you love for yourself". In this lecture, Shaykh Khalid Yasin gives beautiful examples of what it means to really love for your brother what you love for yourself. He advises us of the qualities or actions that we are lacking in, so that we may increase the brotherhood in Islam.
​​​Brotherhood in the light of Hadith

The importance of brotherhood in Islam is not being overstressed here. The ahadith confirm and extend the Qur’anic teachings on the subject of the Islamic brotherhood. There are many hadiths relating to the fact that Muslim society is like a building, which bricks supports each other. For example

Abu Musa reported Allah’s Messenger (May peace be upon him) as saying: A believer is like a building for another, the one part supporting the other.

[Bukhari, Muhammad bin Ismaeel “Sahih Bokhari Sharif” Kitabul AdabBab Tawanul Momaneen Bazoohum Bazan 966 Vol.3, Pg 440]

The brotherhood of Muslims is a very deep and wide concept that guarantees the safety and the well being of the society at large. For example, a Muslim is not really a believer if he eats his full while ignoring the plight of hungry neighbour.

Ibn Abbas reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: the person who eats his full and the neighbour in his surroundings is hungry is not Muslim”

[Khateeb ul Tabreezi, Muhammad Bin Abdullah “Mishkat ul Masabih”Kitabul Adab Babul Shafqat o Rahmat Alal Khalaq 4772 Pg 452]

Thus, A Muslim’s faith is dependent upon his attitude towards other Muslims. If one who professes to be a Muslim does not wish for his brother-in-faith what he wishes for himself, he does not have true faith. It is clearly stated in the Hadith Narrated Anas: The Prophet said, “None of you is believer till he wishes for his brother what he likes for himself.”

[Nsai, Ahmad bin Shoaib “Al Sunnan” Kitabul Eman o Shraehi, Bab Alaamatul Momin Vol.8, Pg 125]
Moreover, it is sufficient evil for a Muslim that he looks down upon his brother. Prophet”s teachings in the regard is as follows:

“It is sufficient evil for a Muslims that he looks down upon his brother.”

[Al Tirmizi, Muhammad Bin Eesa “Al Jamae Ul Sahih” Kitabul Bir o Silah Ann Rasullallah(S.A.W), Bab Ma Jaa’ fee Shafqatul Muslim Ala Muslim 1927 Vol .4, Pg 325 ]